Glossary of typical terms
, homosexual, bisexual, transgender, sex diverse, intersex, queer, asexual and questioning (LGBTIQA+) 1 communities really helps to make certain that solutions and organisations are comprehensive and respectful. 2 This resource sheet offers a glossary of terms for professionals and companies to aid them to higher comprehend the terminology and also to make use of language that is inclusive solution supply.
The details in this resource sheet is supposed to assist providers and professionals create safe areas for customers that are people of these communities.
Studies have shown that some providers assume that their consumers are heterosexual and make use of language that is heterosexist that may lead to vexation for consumers and make them perhaps maybe perhaps perhaps not disclose their LGBTIQA+ status (Australian Human Rights Commission AHRC, 2015) or talk about their sex or sex. Enhancing access to appropriate solutions is essential as a result of the greater prices of psychological state problems such as for example despair, anxiety and committing committing committing suicide (nationwide LGBTI wellness Alliance, 2016) which can be skilled by people in LGBTIQA+ communities when compared with their non-LGBTIQA+ peers. Analysis additionally suggests that pressures faced by same-gender attracted young adults, such as for instance bullying, homelessness and emotions of pity, fear and confusion, usually do not stem through the nature of the intimate or gender diversity. Instead, they’ve been driven because of the concern about, or real, discrimination via organizations which are essential within the life of young adults, including schools, wellness solutions and welfare solutions (AHRC, 2015).
It’s recognized that dilemmas of sex identification vary to dilemmas of intimate orientation; nevertheless, for simplicity of guide, both are most notable resource sheet. Further, it really is recognized that some terminology is contested and language in this area is evolving (GLHV, 2016). Consequently, professionals and providers ought to make use of this resource sheet together with other resources of information ( e.g. Begin to see the Further reading and Resources and organisations detailed at the conclusion with this resource sheet).
There is certainly a deal that is great of in the LGBTIQA+ communities and an array of terms and language pertaining to:
- Intimate attraction
- Appropriate and classifications that are medicalFileborn, 2012; nationwide LGBTI wellness Alliance, 2013a).
You will need to acknowledge the complexity of individuals’s lived experiences and recognise that the above aspects may connect with people in numerous methods and differing times throughout the expected life (nationwide LGBTI wellness Alliance, 2013a).
This glossary is organised across the categories that are followingplaced in alphabetical purchase):
- Figures, gender and gender identities
- Sexual orientations
- Societal attitudes/issues.
Systems, sex and sex identities
Cisgender/cis: a phrase utilized to describe people whoever gender corresponds into the intercourse they certainly were assigned at delivery.
Gender: is the socially built and hierarchical categories assigned to people based on their sex that is apparent at. While other genders are recognised in a few countries, in Western society, folks are anticipated to adapt to 1 of 2 sex functions matching their sex that is apparent instance, male = man/masculine and female = woman/feminine.
Gender norms define how exactly we should dress, act/behave, as well as the appropriate functions and jobs of privilege we’ve in culture ( e.g. The energy relationships between gents and ladies). Neglecting to abide by the norms linked with an individual’s gender may result in ridicule, intimidation and also physical physical physical violence (Aizura, Walsh, Pike, Ward, & Jak, 2010).
Lots of people usually do not squeeze into these narrowly defined and rigid sex norms. Some ladies may feel masculine, some males may feel more feminine plus some individuals might not feel either, or may reject sex completely (see Gender identification).
Gender binary: the spectrum-based category of sex in to the two kinds of either male or female according to biological intercourse (see Intercourse).
Gender identity: relates to a sense that is inner of as guy, girl, masculine, feminine, neither, both, or getting around freely between or outside the sex binary.
Gender pronouns: theserefer to what sort of person chooses to publicly show their sex identification by using a pronoun, whether it’s a gender-specific or even a gender-neutral pronoun (GLHV, 2016). This could easily are the more conventional she or he, along with gender-neutral pronouns such as for instance they, their, ze, hir as well as others (see Transgender/Trans/Gender diverse).
Genderqueer/Non-binary sex: a term accustomed describe sex identification that doesn’t adapt to gender that is traditional that can be expressed as apart from girl or guy, including sex basic and androgynous.
Gender questioning: definitely not an identification but often utilized in mention of the someone who is uncertain which gender, if any, they identify with.
Intersex: an umbrella term that relates to individuals who possess anatomical, chromosomal and hormone characteristics that change from medical and old-fashioned understandings of male and female figures. Intersex individuals could be ‘neither wholly female nor wholly male; a mixture of feminine and male; or neither feminine nor male’ (Intercourse Discrimination Amendment Act (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) 2013 (Cth)).